Home Lifestyle Study suggests pre-pandemic physiological data can help predict mental well-being during Covid-19

Study suggests pre-pandemic physiological data can help predict mental well-being during Covid-19


As the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on psychological well-being unfolds, few studies have focused on pre-pandemic physiological predictors which could identify and treat individuals at risk.

A new Bar-Ilan University study published in the journal Psychophysiology has revealed that physiological information collected from individuals long before the onset of Covid-19 can predict mental well-being during the pandemic.

The study was led by Prof. Ilanit Gordon, of Bar-Ilan’s Department of Psychology and Gonda (Goldschmied) Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, with Prof. Danny Horesh, of the Department of Psychology, and members of Gordon’s lab, including Alon Tomashin, Nir Milstein, Oded Mayo, and Adi Korisky.

One hundred eight-five Israeli adults who participated in the study completed online questionnaires assessing their mood regulation since Covid-19 began, and their well-being during the lockdown in mid-2020. The same individuals participated in a lab study 2-3 years prior to the pandemic in which physiological measures were taken during physical activity and during rest.

These measures included respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), which shows how one’s heart rate fluctuates according to one’s respiration, and skin conductance level (SCL), which measures the activity of sweat glands in the palms.

Both of these measures are controlled by the autonomic nervous system, which regulates involuntary physiological processes including heart rate, arousal, blood pressure, and digestion. The results were assessed to determine individuals’ mental well-being and their ability to regulate negative emotions during the pandemic.

Individuals who had higher RSA in the lab (2-3 years ago) reported better expectations to be able to regulate their negative mood during the pandemic, and thus reported higher mental well-being. Individuals with higher SCL did not exhibit the same effect.

Individuals with higher SCL most likely experienced an increased sense of distress or vigilance in these times of uncertainty, and for these reasons, higher RSA (which is an indicator of a more “relaxed” mode of physiological regulation) no longer directly relates to better mental well-being.

“Physiological data assessed during rest, from heart rate, respiration, or sweat activity that was collected in unrelated lab studies 2-3 years ago is predictive of how individuals are coping psychologically today during the Covid-19 pandemic,” said Prof. Gordon, who led the study. “This information can help us determine which individuals may be at risk for heightened mental distress and enable us to better locate and treat them.”

Prof. Horesh says that these illustrate how physiological information has the potential to deepen our understanding of resilience and risk factors in the face of distress.

Gordon and the team hope to be able to conduct similar studies in other countries, where stress levels differ from Israel.

Follow more stories on Facebook and Twitter

This story has been published from a wire agency feed without modifications to the text. Only the headline has been changed.





Source link

RELATED ARTICLES

Shraddha Kapoor lays style cues to sizzle at cocktail night in wine belted saree | Fashion Trends

Want to slay at a cocktail night? Take fashion inspiration from Shraddha Kapoor's sultry look in a ₹3.4k wine foil pallu belted saree...

Paris’ Arc de Triomphe ‘a gift offered to Parisians, French and all art lovers’

The city of Paris is unveiling a monumental artwork built around an actual monument: the Arc de Triomphe completely wrapped in silver and...

Australia’s trial home quarantine for vaccinated arrivals to ease travel curbs | Travel

Australia’s New South Wales to conduct a pilot program of home quarantine in the next couple of weeks, which could apply to Australians,...

LEAVE A REPLY

Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Most Popular

5 Superfoods To Add For A PCOS Diet

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) and Polycystic Ovarian Disease (PCOD) is a hormonal imbalance disorder. As per the results of a recent country-wide survey,...

Shraddha Kapoor lays style cues to sizzle at cocktail night in wine belted saree | Fashion Trends

Want to slay at a cocktail night? Take fashion inspiration from Shraddha Kapoor's sultry look in a ₹3.4k wine foil pallu belted saree...

Unvaccinated Brazil’s Bolsonaro To Defy New York Jab Rule For UN Meet

<!-- -->Brazil's President Jair Bolsonaro has not taken vaccination against COVID-19. (File)Brasilia: Brazil's Covid-unvaccinated President Jair Bolsonaro said Thursday he will attend next...

Recent Comments